Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity

This article was medically reviewed by Op. Dr. Ahmet Şadi Kılınç

Reyap Hospital – Istanbul, Turkey

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Overweight and obese are both terms for ranges of weight that are greater than what is generally considered healthy for a given height. Overweight is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) between 25 and 29.9, while obesity is defined as having a BMI of 30 or higher. Both conditions increase the risk of certain health problems.

Obesity can lead to type 2 diabetes by causing the body to become resistant to insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar. Excess fat, especially around the abdomen, disrupts the function of insulin, causing blood sugar levels to rise. Over time, this can lead to the onset of type 2 diabetes.

Yes, losing weight can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease. Weight loss helps to lower blood pressure, improve cholesterol levels, and decrease the strain on the heart. Even a modest weight loss of 5-10% of total body weight can have substantial health benefits, including a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease.

Effective strategies for managing weight include a combination of healthy eating, regular physical activity, and behavioral changes. A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins, combined with regular exercise, can help manage weight. Additionally, seeking guidance from healthcare professionals and possibly psychological support can assist in making sustainable lifestyle changes.

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